Publications

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  • Sustainable bioenergy potential in Caribbean small island developing states

    This study assesses the potential for bioenergy production using various feedstocks such as sugarcane, oil palm, and municipal solid waste in six Caribbean small island developing states – Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Trinidad and Tobago, and Guyana.

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    Energy transition, Bioenergy & biofuels English
  • Renewables readiness assessment: Solomon Islands

    This renewables readiness assessment (RRA) identifies key actions to accelerate the deployment of renewables and ramp up energy transition efforts in the Solomon Islands.

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    Energy transition English
  • Green hydrogen for sustainable industrial development: A policy toolkit for developing countries

    This report by the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), IRENA and the German Institute of Development and Sustainability (IDOS) explores the benefits of green hydrogen production in developing countries.

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    Energy transition, Policy, Green hydrogen English
  • Sustainable bioenergy pathways in Latin America: Promoting bioenergy investment and sustainability

    This report presents the outcomes of an IRENA workshop, held in São Paulo in March 2023, that explored potential pathways for the development of bioenergy in Latin America and issued key recommendations to facilitate the creation of a bioenergy market in the region.

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    Energy transition, Bioenergy & biofuels English
  • Off-grid Renewable Energy Statistics 2023

    This publication presents statistics for the decade 2013-2022 in trilingual tables, covering off-grid power capacity, biogas production and numbers of people using off-grid power and biogas for cooking and lighting.

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    Off-grid for energy access English, French, Spanish
  • North Africa: Policies and finance for renewable energy

    The brief by IRENA, highlights North Africa’s large renewable energy potential and explores its current policy environment to support the energy transition and the deployment of renewable energy in the coming years.

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    Energy transition, Finance & investment, Policy English
  • Renewables readiness assessment: Burkina Faso

    This renewables readiness assessment (RRA) for Burkina Faso presents key recommendations to accelerate the country’s energy transition, with a view to securing a sustainable, affordable energy supply, increasing rural energy access, diversifying the economy and addressing climate change.

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    Energy transition English
  • Water for hydrogen production

    Providing an in-depth analysis of water withdrawal and consumption intensities across various hydrogen production pathways, this report offers tailored recommendations to guide policy makers and industry towards more water-efficient practices.

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    Energy transition, Hydrogen English
  • North Africa: Policies and finance for renewable energy

    The brief by IRENA, highlights North Africa’s large renewable energy potential and explores its current policy environment to support the energy transition and the deployment of renewable energy in the coming years.

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    Energy transition, Finance & investment, Policy English
  • Renewables-based electric cooking: Climate commitments and finance

    This report assesses countries’ access to renewables-based electric cooking to understand their current status and establish associated priorities to support the energy transition.

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    Energy transition, Finance & investment English
  • World Energy Transitions Outlook 2023: 1.5°C Pathway, Volume 2

    This second volume of the 2023 Outlook, based on IRENA’s macro-econometric modelling work, provides policymakers with insights into how economic activity, employment and wellbeing may be affected under the 1.5°C pathway, compared to current policy settings.

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    Energy transition, Finance & investment English
  • World Energy Transitions Outlook 2023: 1.5°C Pathway

    IRENA’s 1.5°C Scenario, set out in the World Energy Transitions Outlook, presents a pathway to achieve the 1.5°C target by 2050, positioning electrification and efficiency as key transition drivers, enabled by renewable energy, clean hydrogen and sustainable biomass.

    Interactive version
    Energy transition, Finance & investment English
  • Renewable Power Generation Costs in 2022

    IRENA’s global renewable power generation costs study shows that the competitiveness of renewables continued to improve despite rising materials and equipment costs in 2022.

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    Costs, Energy transition, Power Generation Costs English
  • Low-cost finance for the energy transition

    This report identifies the pressing need for greater private sector engagement in the financing of energy transition projects, as well as closer public-private collaboration to sustain the net zero pathway.

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    Energy transition, Finance & investment, Costs, Technology English
  • The cost of financing for renewable power

    Based on a new, unique dataset from a global survey, this IRENA report presents unprecedented insights on the cost of capital for onshore wind, offshore wind and solar photovoltaic (PV) projects.

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    Finance & investment, Costs, Technology, Solar energy, Wind energy English
  • Renewable solutions in end-uses: Heat pump costs and markets

    This report provides an overview of heat pump technologies and their applications, discusses building stock and the implications for the use of heat pumps in both new and old buildings and examines recent market developments.

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    Costs, Stationary Applications Costs English
  • Socio-economic footprint of the energy transition: South Africa

    This report builds on the analysis presented in IRENA’s World Energy Transitions Outlook to support energy transition planning and informed policy making in South Africa, and calls for a comprehensive policy framework that can advance the transition whilst safeguarding people, livelihoods and jobs.

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    Energy transition, Socio-economic impact English
  • Socio-economic footprint of the energy transition: Egypt

    This report explores the potential socio-economic impacts of the energy transition in Egypt, and shows that a successful, just and inclusive energy transition in Egypt can bring about a brighter, more prosperous and healthier future for its citizens.

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    Energy transition, Socio-economic impact English
  • Renewable energy and jobs: Annual review 2023

    This tenth edition of IRENA’s Renewable energy and jobs: Annual review, provides the latest data on renewable energy employment worldwide, as well as analysis of prevailing deployment trends and policy contexts.

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    Energy transition, Energy & jobs, Socio-economic impact English
  • Renewable energy benefits: Leveraging local capacity for small-scale hydropower

    This latest edition of the IRENA Leveraging local capacity series explores the dynamic world of small-scale hydropower, offering insights into how this renewable energy source can be harnessed to spur economic growth and job creation, and enhance the well-being of communities.

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    Socio-economic impact, Local value creation, Hydropower English
  • Green hydrogen for sustainable industrial development: A policy toolkit for developing countries

    This report by the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), IRENA and the German Institute of Development and Sustainability (IDOS) explores the benefits of green hydrogen production in developing countries.

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    Energy transition, Policy, Green hydrogen English
  • North Africa: Policies and finance for renewable energy

    The brief by IRENA, highlights North Africa’s large renewable energy potential and explores its current policy environment to support the energy transition and the deployment of renewable energy in the coming years.

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    Energy transition, Finance & investment, Policy English
  • Renewable energy market analysis: Mano River Union region

    This report analyses the energy sector landscape in the Mano River Union (MRU) region, discussing opportunities and solutions to scale-up renewable energy adoption in support of the region’s energy and socio-economic development goals.

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    Policy, Energy transition English
  • The Breakthrough Agenda Report 2022

    This report by IRENA, IEA and and the UN Climate Change High-Level Champions is focused on supporting stronger international collaboration to drive reductions in global greenhouse gas emissions.

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    Energy transition, Targets & NDCs, Policy English

Produced as a contribution to technical discussions and to disseminate new findings on relevant topics in the area of the author’s expertise, these papers do not represent IRENA’s official position or views on any topic.