Advanced biofuels: What holds them back?

Advanced liquid biofuels are important for low-carbon transport development. A survey of industry executives highlights regulatory uncertainty as a key market barrier.

  • November 2019
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  • Transport, Energy Transition
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  • English

Hydrogen: A renewable energy perspective

This paper examines the potential of hydrogen fuel for hard-to-decarbonise energy uses, including aviation, shipping and other. But the decarbonisation impact depends on how hydrogen is produced.

  • September 2019
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  • Energy Transition, Transport
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  • English

Navigating the way to a renewable future: Solutions to decarbonise shipping

This report explores the impact of maritime shipping on carbon-dioxide emissions, the structure of the shipping sector, and key areas that need to be addressed to reduce the sector’s carbon footprint.

  • September 2019
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  • Transport
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  • English

Innovation Outlook: Smart charging for electric vehicles

This outlook shows how through smart charging EV batteries can help to integrate high shares of solar and wind power into existing grids, as battery storage capacity helps to even out the variability of these sources.

  • May 2019
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  • Transport, Innovation
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  • English

Global energy transformation: A roadmap to 2050 (2019 edition)

Increased use of renewable energy, combined with intensified electrification, could prove decisive for the world to meet key climate goals by 2050.

  • April 2019
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  • Energy Transition, Climate Change
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  • English

Electrification with Renewables

This first-of-its-kind analysis, undertaken jointly by IRENA and the State Grid Corporation of China, reflects findings from their forthcoming “Electrification with Renewables” scoping study.

  • January 2019
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  • Innovation, Transport
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  • English

Scaling up renewables in cities: Opportunities for municipal governments

Case studies prepared by IRENA in collaboration with ICLEI (Local Governments for Sustainability) and the German Agency for International Cooperation (GIZ) review crucial aspects of the urban energy transition.

  • December 2018
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  • Benefits, Transport
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  • English
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  • Argentina, Australia

Hydrogen from renewable power: Technology outlook for the energy transition

As the world strives to cut carbon emissions, electric power from renewables has emerged as a vital energy source.  Fuel needs for transport and industry, meanwhile, could be met with renewable-based hydrogen.

  • September 2018
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  • Energy Transition, Transport
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  • English, Japanese, Chinese

Renewable Energy Policies in a Time of Transition

This report, prepared jointly by IRENA, the IEA and REN21, identifies key barriers and highlights policy options to boost renewable energy deployment.

  • April 2018
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  • Policy, Heating & Cooling
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  • English

Biogas for road vehicles: Technology brief

Switching to biogas as vehicle fuel can reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the transport sector between 60% and 80% compared to fossil-based fuels like gasoline and diesel.

  • March 2017
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  • Innovation, Transport
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  • English
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  • Germany, Sweden