This background report from the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) presents technical findings on the status of the shift to renewable energy and the REmap transition pathway. These form the basis of the analysis presented in a key IRENA study, Global energy transformation: A roadmap to 2050 (2019 edition).
The first part of the background report reviews the status of the energy transformation looking, at recent trends. This, in turn, provides a perspective for the global energy system’s development to 2050 based on current and planned policies, termed the Reference Case in the study.
The background report then details the REmap transition pathway to 2050 – a set of potential energy options aligned with the “well-below 2oC” target of the Paris Agreement. The REmap Case entails changes in energy demand and supply, energy-related CO2 emissions, and the level of investments, costs and subsidies needed for the accelerated global shift to renewables.
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