Stationary Applications

Renewables play an important role in providing energy services in stationary applications in the industrial, residential and commercial sectors. Many options, including biomass, solar thermal and heat pumps can be very competitive for process heating, space and water heating, and cooling. There are also significant opportunities to replace traditional biomass use with modern biomass technologies or alternative energy sources. Forthcoming work by IRENA will look at the costs and performance of these options in detail.